FIELD:Electrons are both waves and particles? One minute they act like a particle, and the next minute they act like a wave? At  the  time,  no  one  could  really  believe  any  of  this  was  actually  true.  Something must be wrong, they thought…. So  the  scientists  modified  the  experiment  to  “watch”  (with  a  measuring  device)  a single  electron  as  it  went  through  the  double  slits  to  see  if  it  really  acted  like  a  wave instead of a particle. However, the moment they observed the electron, an even stranger thing happened. They got  a  standard  “particle”  pattern  on  the  screen  that  looked  exactly  as  if they  had fired BB’s through the two slits. The  simple  act  of  “watching”  the  electron  meant  it  went  back  to  behaving  like  a particle instead of a wave, and therefore only went through one slit, not both, and formed a pattern like the BB’s. So… the final conclusion is this: In its natural state, an electron is a wave rather than a particle,  until it is observed. Then it becomes a particle with a fixed position in space and time. “The electron is very peculiar in the sense that when you’re not looking, the electron  can  be  here, can  be  there,  or can  be  over there….  It  can  be all  over  this  room,  so  to  speak. But whenever we look – this is the strange thing about this electron – we always  find them to be in one particular Geiger counter, although we have a room full of Geiger  counters. This is the fundamentally important stuff about the electrons.”1 “There is compelling evidence that the only time quanta* ever manifest as particles  is when we are looking at them. When an electron isn’t being looked at, it is always a  wave.”2 (*In the early 1900s, scientists had started using the term “quanta” referring to the energy associated with an electron bound to an atom (at rest) which results in the stability of  atoms,  and  of  matter  in  general.  FIELD:So  the  term  “quantum  mechanics,”  and  now  more commonly  “quantum  physics,”  has  to  do  with  the  study  of  electrons  and  their  energy. “The word “quantum” is also synonymous with “wave/particle,” a term that is used to  refer to something that possesses both particle and wave qualities.”3) Now this was truly radical  – an electron  is a wave until it is observed, and then it becomes a particle! The ramifications are enormous. It means reality – the physical universe which we have  always  thought  of  to  be  “solid  and  predictable”  –  is  not  “real,”  not  “solid  and predictable” at all, because the basic building blocks of that universe are not particles of matter, but waves of possibilities – waves of potential locations where an electron might appear as a particle when it is observed. But who is this “observer?” And how does an observer change the electron from a wave into a particle? The first question is not easy to answer completely at the moment. The “observer” can be a human  being looking at something;  it can be a machine  or a device set up to watch, record, or measure  something; it can literally be anything that attempts to “see” something “out there” in the physical universe. But there is another level to the answer which needs more information before it can make sense; so we’ll just have to wait. Right  now  it’s  worth  repeating  the  inescapable  conclusions  of  the  Double  Slit experiment: According to quantum physics, the atoms (nucleus and electrons) that make up the physical universe we consider to be so solid and so real only appear to be solid and real when they are being observed. When they are not being observed, they return to a wave state of infinite possible locations. (To  watch  a  short  and  well-done  animated  video  of how  an  “observer”  affects  the Double Slit experiment, from What the Bleep!? – Down the Rabbit Hole, click here.) So  now  let’s  talk  about  how  an  observer  changes  an  electron  from  a  wave  into  a particle…. Wait a minute! No one really knows the answer to the question of how – or why – the  observer  changes  an  electron  from  a  wave  into  a  particle.  The  experts  can  only speculate…. “Particles  aren’t  really  what  they  seem  to  be.  They’re  momentary  manifestations,  momentary  ‘poppings’  of  this  quantum  wave  function  in  which  there  is  no  particle  –  there’s just this waviness which can spontaneously pop out as particles.”4 In  other  words,  when  an  electron  is  viewed  by  an  observer,  these  waves  of possibilities  “pop” and assume  a specific location in space and time,  which is what we see as “reality.” This is called “collapsing the wave function.” “Collapsing  the  wave  function”  can  be  very  successfully  explained  and  predicted mathematically,  using complex  quantum  mathematics;  but it’s  very hard  to  describe  in simple  English. Basically,  it means  an electron  normally  lives  in  a  wave state  (a wave function) that includes many possibilities of where it could end up as a particle; and when the electron is observed, those multiple wave states are “collapsed” to one state, the state of being a particle in a specific location. Physicist Nick Herbert says this sometimes causes him to imagine that, behind our back,  the world (where  we are  not looking  and cannot  observe) is always  “a radically  ambiguous and ceaselessly flowing quantum soup.”5 But whenever  we turn around and try to see the soup, our glance instantly freezes it and turns it back into “reality.” Herbert believes this makes us all a little like Midas, the legendary king who never knew the feel of  silk  or  the  caress  of  a  human  hand  because  everything  he  touched  turned  to  gold. “Likewise  humans  can  never  experience  the  true  texture  of  quantum  reality  because  everything we touch turns to matter.”6 So  where  are  these  electrons  living  as  waves  of  possibilities  when  no  one  is observing them and collapsing their wave function into a particle? The answer to that question has gone through a lot of revision over the years, and has been called a lot of things as the research has progressed, including: ~ the “Planck Scale” (by the physicist Max Planck) ~ the “implicate order” (by the physicist David Bohm) ~ the “vacuum state” ~ the “quantum wave function” ~ the “zero point field” ~ the “superstring field” ~ the “M” field ~ the “unified field” Today it is mainly just called “The Field.” In her book, The Field, Lynn McTaggert defines it simply as “a field of all possibility.”7 Everything  you  can think of, and everything  you  can’t think of, and everything  no one can think of already exists in this Field as waves of possibilities. Dr. John Hagelin explains… “Progress  in  our  understanding  of  the  universe  through  physics  over  the  past  quarter century has been exploring deeper levels of natural law, from the macroscopic to  the microscopic, from the molecular to the atomic to the nuclear to the subnuclear levels  of nature’s functioning…. and what we’ve discovered at the core basis of the universe,  the  foundation  of  the  universe,  is  a  single  universal  field  of  intelligence….  So  all  the  forces of nature, and all the so-called ‘particles’ of nature… are now understood to be…  just different ripples on a single ocean of existence…. It’s called the “unified field,” or  “superstring field,” at the basis of everything – mind and matter…. That field is a non- material  field.  Planets,  trees,  people,  animals,  are  all  just  waves  of  vibration  of  this  underlying unified superstring field…. It’s the fountainhead of all the laws of nature; all  the fundamental forces, all the fundamental particles, all the laws governing life at every  level  of the universe have their unified source in the unified field…. It is pure abstract  potential, which rises in waves of vibration to give rise to the particles, to the people, to  everything we see in the vast universe…. This isn’t the world of electrons; it’s the world  of potential electrons…. And that’s what we’re made of.”8 …and Dr. Fred Alan Wolf puts it this way… “Physicists  give  this  a  name;  they  call  it  a  ‘quantum  wave  function,’  because  it  seems  ‘wavy.’  However,  this  wave  function  isn’t  just  a  wave  of  matter,  like  an  ocean  wave or a sound wave, or any kind of wave of matter. It’s a wave of possibility;  it’s a  kind  of  ‘thought’  wave.  And  because  it  is  a  wave  of  thought,  or  possibility,  or  ‘not- matter,’ it’s invisible to us. But we can’t explain what we do see as matter…unless we  picture  that  these  matter  particles  somehow  come  out  from  or  emerge  from  these  thought-wave patterns.”9 (You can watch a video interview about The Field with Drs. Hagelin and Wolf from What the Bleep!? – Down the Rabbit Hole by clicking here.) The problem is no one can prove that The Field exists. You can’t see it; you  can’t photograph it; you can’t measure it; you  can’t hold it in your hand. But when quantum physicists  assume  The  Field  is  there,  they  can  make  incredibly  accurate  mathematical predictions about the physical universe and how it behaves, which they can’t do without

taking The Field into account. As Fred Alan Wolf said, “We can’t explain what we do see  as  matter…unless  we  picture  that  these  matter  particles  somehow  come  out  from  or  emerge from these thought-wave patterns.” Think  of  it  as  electricity.  You  can’t  see  electricity  itself;  you  can  only  see  what electricity produces. One American comedian joked that he wouldn’t pay his electric bill until the company showed him the electricity he was paying for. But we can see the light electricity makes, and the power, and the other effects we count on every day and now take so much for granted; and when we see those effects, we know electricity must exist. The  same  thing  is  true  for  The  Field.  FIELD:Even  though  we  can’t  prove  it  exists scientifically,  nothing  makes  sense  without  it  in  light  of  the  results  of  the  most  recent experiments. Another example might help make this clearer…. If you were an Aborigine living in the Outback of Australia with no contact with the outside world, and someone brought you a radio, you might wonder how it works when you  hear  music  coming  out  of  the  box.  You  might  even  take  it  apart,  looking  for  an orchestra of very little people inside playing the music you hear. But after a while, you’d realize the only way to explain the music is to assume there are invisible radio waves in the air, and this box simply captures those waves and translates them into sound – even though you couldn’t prove it. We  have  finally  reached  the  point  of  human  understanding  –  now  supported  by scientific evidence – that there are waves all around us. But this time they’re not radio waves,  they’re  not  ocean  waves;  they’re  waves  of  The  Field. FIELD: They’re  waves  of potentiality; and when they are “observed,” they turn into the physical universe we see. I’ll talk a lot more about this concept in later chapters. For now it is enough to know The Field must exist, it is outside of space and time, and it includes an infinite number of possibilities, but only in wave form. This field does not contain particles; it is not matter; it is not part of the physical universe. Instead it is what the entire universe is made from – from these waves of possibilities. But how did this Field come into existence? Who made it? Where did it come from? Science has no answer for these questions. They only know The Field must exist. So I will not speculate about how The Field was created, or who might have created it, or how  it  already  contains  all  possibilities,  because…  well,  simply  because  there  is absolutely no way a Human Adult can understand or have a direct experience of anything that  happens  on  the  other  side  of  The  Field.  This  will  also  become  clearer  in  later chapters. The next question we can ask, though, is: How is “physical reality” created from this Field?

FOOTNOTES 1. Goswami, Amit, Ph.D., theoretical nuclear physicist. What the Bleep!? – Down  the Rabbit Hole  – Back to reading 2. Talbot, Michael. The Holographic Universe, p. 34 – Back to reading 3. Ibid. – Back to reading 4. Wolf, Fred Alan, Ph.D., theoretical physicist. What the Bleep!? – Down the Rabbit  Hole  – Back to reading 5. Herbert, Nick. “How Large is Starlight: A Brief Look at Quantum Reality,” Revision 10, no. 1 (Summer 1987), pp. 31-35 – Back to reading 6. Ibid. – Back to reading 7. McTaggert, Lynne. The Field: The Quest for the Secret Force of the Universe, p. xxi. – Back to reading 8. Hagelin, John, Ph.D., Physics Professor, Maharishi University. What the Bleep!?  – Down the Rabbit Hole  – Back to reading 9. Wolf, Fred Alan. Id. – Back to reading

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